This post may contain affiliate links. We may earn a small commission from purchases made through them, at no additional cost to you.
There are different types of paint that can be used for different DIY paint projects around your home. However, not all paints are created equally, and each type comes with different advantages and disadvantages. Here, we will give you a complete guide to water-based paint and everything that you would need to know about using it. So, let’s find out more below!
Table of Contents
- 1 What Is Water-Based Paint?
- 2 Benefits of Water-Based Paint
- 3 How Water-Based Paint Works
- 4 Applications for Water-Based Paint
- 5 Tips for Using Water-Based Paint
- 6 Difference Between Oil and Water-Based Paint
- 7 Frequently Asked Questions
What Is Water-Based Paint?
Water-based paint is used in nearly all exterior and interior painting projects. This paint is simple to clean, dries rapidly, and does not have a strong odor like certain oil-based paints. However, before you go out to buy water-based paint for your next DIY paint project, it is crucial to understand the many varieties of this paint.
Fundamentally, water-based paint combines binders such as vinyl/and or acrylics with pigment and uses water as carrier instead of oil.
The powerful odors that accompany painting are frequently a lingering recollection of oil-based paint, rather than water-based paint. Water-based paint does not need the use of mineral spirits or turpentine for cleanup. This is because it can easily be cleaned with soap and warm water when wet, while providing a long-lasting finish that applies to exterior and interior surfaces once dry and cured.
Acrylic or vinyl are used in water-based paints. Acrylic and latex are names used to describe water-based paints commonly used for domestic painting projects, although both include acrylic as a bonder.
Keep in mind that many lower-quality paints include more vinyl than acrylic resin. When compared to 100% acrylic water-based paints, this can impair quality and durability.
Water-Based Paint Ingredients
Whether you are using water-based latex paint or acrylic paint there are liquids, pigments, and binders that are used to manufacture these products. By understanding what these ingredients are, you will be able to make an educated decision when choosing the next paint that will be applied to your walls.
This is what transports the pigment and binders that dissipate as the paint cures. Oil-based paints contain mineral spirits, whereas latex paint contains water. When the liquids in oil paint dissipate they leave behind a hard, resilient layer. Water-based latex paint remains flexible and resilient in the face of changing weather and temperatures.
Water also aids in the color retention of latex paint, particularly in direct sunshine.
These are highly refined powders or particles that give the paint its color and coverage. The frequently used prime pigment is titanium dioxide. However, there are different types of prime pigments that are used for different products.
These are plastic-like polymers that link the pigment resulting in a strong, continuous film. Look for drying oils in oil paints, such as modified or linseed oil.
Always keep an eye out for 100% acrylic binders in latex paints.
Brief History of Water-Based Paint
We thought you would be interested in learning a bit more about the history of water-based paints, so we compiled this information for you. Water-based paints were among the first forms of paint utilized, dating back to prehistoric peoples who created colored liquids to produce artwork on the walls of caves. Later societies such as the Egyptians further developed paint to decorate the walls of their homes, temples, and tombs.
It was formed of egg yolks mixed with pigment, which hardened and adhered to the surface quite effectively. The pigments were created from plants and soil, and the diluent was oil or water. Clay, berries, and various sorts of flora were further utilized to manufacture the paint, while additional binders included fat and cow’s milk.
It was not until 1865 that D.P. Flinn received the first patent to manufacture water-based paints, which he created by combining water with linseed oil, potassium hydroxide, milk, zinc oxide, and resin.
A few decades later, in the 1940s and 1950s, the paint business was transformed by the advent of latex, which aided in the production of higher-quality water-based paints that were significantly easier to use. Semi-gloss latex paints were launched in the 1970s. Since then, paint manufacturers have been perfecting the recipe, resulting in the excellent quality of water-based paints accessible today with the inclusion of synthetic polymer latex.
Benefits of Water-Based Paint
No guide to water-based paint would be complete without discussing the many benefits that come with using it. The invention of latex in the 1940s revolutionized the paint industry.
Latex polymers provided higher-quality paint that offered greater endurance, competing with oil-based paints.
The technology evolved throughout time, resulting in increased degrees of dependability with water-based paints and ease of use that DIY homes and professional painters appreciated. Some of the advantages of the new water-based paints include the factors below.
Compared to oil-based paints, which contain a high level of VOCs (volatile organic compounds), water-based paints are much more environmentally friendly. It degrades faster than oil-based paints available on the market.
The vast majority of water-based paints are biodegradable and have less hazardous chemicals. As a result, they are less harmful to the environment and have a lower impact on air quality.
A water-based paint generates less VOCs because it employs water as the liquidizing agent rather than chemical solvents. Utilizing water-based paints has advantages that go beyond simply meeting regulations, and they have a minimal odor, making them more secure and pleasant to work with.
Since water-based paints are thinner and more susceptible to being impacted by airflow, they dry much more quickly compared to oil-based paints.
Since the moisture content in thicker paint, such as two-in-one paint and primer evaporates at a slower rate, it can take much longer to dry. Another factor to consider is the paint sheen, as different types will have different drying times.
Non-Toxic and Safe for Children and Pets
The majority of interior paints are water-based. They are quite safe to use around children and animals. Paints based on solvents or oils may irritate the skin and eyes. If the chemical fumes are inhaled, they can trigger more discomfort and chronic health issues.
Durable and Long-Lasting
Water-based paints, although not as long-lasting and durable as oil-based paints, have greatly improved. For home exterior paint jobs, higher grade 100% acrylic paints can easily last up to ten years.
Water-based paints are resistant to yellowing and do not crack like oil-based paints because the paint is more flexible.
Because the solvent in water-based paints is primarily water, they are considerably easier to clean. This means that your brushes and painting equipment can often be cleaned using water, whereas solvents such as turpentine or paint thinners are required to clean oil-based paints from brushes and other surfaces.
How Water-Based Paint Works
If you are wondering, “is latex paint water-based?”, then it would also be helpful to understand how water-based paint works. It is helpful to understand the basic chemical composition of the product along with how it dries, and how it directly compares to solvent-based paint products.
Explanation of the Chemical Composition of Water-Based Paint
Paint is made by mixing resin, solvents, pigments, and a variety of additives. Resins are used as a strong bond to keep the ingredients together. These ingredients include methyl, butyl methacrylate, and polyvinyl acetate for water-based paint. For the purpose of diluting and thinning the paint, agents such as mineral turpentine as well as water are utilized.
Pigments, which may consist of calcium carbonate, oxides, talc, and mica, are used to give color and gloss. Additional additives are used to shorten drying time and provide the paint with unique qualities.
Explanation of How Water-Based Paint Dries
To further expand on this guide to water-based paint, the drying process consists of two phases. These phases are evaporation and coalescence and while they might sound complex, they are quite simple to understand.
- Evaporation: Whenever the volatile liquids in the paint coating evaporate under normal air conditions. Water evaporates fast, but those slower evaporating liquids present in the paint, known as “co-solvents,” are meant to stay in the paint film for an extended period of time, providing many of the qualities required before, during, and following the painting process.
- Coalescence: This is the process of producing a cohesive paint layer from small fragments of a polymer binder distributed in the liquids after most of the volatile liquids evaporate.
Comparison to Traditional Solvent-Based Paints
The reality is that solvent-based paint is much more difficult to use and there are significantly more health risks that come with using it. Water-based paint, on the other hand, is more eco-friendly and does not have a strong smell, nor does it require any strong chemicals when it comes to cleaning after the paint job.
Water-based paints might not be as durable as solvent-based paints, but they will not crack as they are more flexible. Additionally, solvent-based paint will begin to yellow over time. Water-based paint will dry quicker and it will allow you to move on to other projects instead of trying to deal with the lingering odor of the harsher solvent-based products.
Water-based paint is significantly safer to use around children and animals, and it is also the ideal option for interior spaces. However, solvent-based paint is perfect for home exterior use as it is more durable.
Applications for Water-Based Paint
Water-based paints are classified into two types, namely acrylic paint and latex paint. Each is distinct and performs a distinct function. Some acrylic paints are mostly designed for handicrafts and hobbies, but we’re talking about acrylic paint intended for home painting here. Another common question, “is acrylic paint water-based?”, usually pops up, so now you know.
Although both acrylic and latex are water-based, they have unique characteristics. Before you buy paint, it is crucial to understand the differences between them so you get the correct paint for the job.
Interior and Exterior Walls
Water-based paints dry faster, are simpler to clean, and emit less odor, making them an excellent choice for painting interior walls.
In most climates, water-based paints are much more durable.
This is because colors tend to last longer before fading, and it effectively accommodates the expansion and contraction of construction materials.
Furniture and Cabinetry
Water-based paint is a more environmentally friendly solution for kitchen cabinets. It may be used manually or with a spray gun. This type of paint is clearer than oil-based paints and is better for the environment because it contains very little to no VOCs.
Water-based paint, unlike oil-based paint, requires little care and preparation since it is easier to apply regardless of uneven surfaces.
Oil-based paints, on the other hand, are best used on flat surfaces. However, water-based paint may lead to wood swelling since wood absorbs water and causes a problem. Because these paints are easier to apply, they may leave brush marks, so always take care when using them.
Metal and Plastic Surfaces
Painting metal and plastic surfaces usually require a different type of paint since the surface itself is often less adhesive. However, the good news is that you can easily prepare the surface with sandpaper and some primer.
Lightly texturing the surface will allow the paint to stick, regardless of the type of water-based paint that you are using.
Water-based acrylic paints are incredibly versatile, making them perfect for delicate brushwork, staining, glazing, water media methods, and many other applications.
This paint is smooth and light, with great color strength, pigment quality, and longevity. Acrylic paint may be used on nearly any firm surface, such as canvas and watercolor paper.
Tips for Using Water-Based Paint
Since you are a beginner, it is only natural that we provide you with some of the best tips for using water-based paint.
Unlike its oil-based counterpart, water-based paint is much more forgiving and leaves more margin for error.
Nevertheless, we would like you to have the best painting experience and avoid any potential mistakes that could be made along the way.
Proper Surface Preparation
After deciding on the appropriate product according to the area that needs to be painted, you have to prepare the area to ensure that you can get the best results. Examine the surface you wish to paint. If there are any cracks or imperfections, you should fix them with appropriate repair materials.
If the surface is not in a suitable condition for painting at this point, it may be necessary to seek expert assistance. If you plan to paint your bathroom, make sure that the waterproofing is correct before you start.
When bathroom surfaces are not properly waterproofed, the paint fails to adhere, resulting in difficulties with blistering and chalking. Obviously, this is not the intended appearance in your bathroom.
Use of Primer
The best water-based primer enhances the color and glitter of your freshly applied paint. In addition, the primer aids the surface in achieving a more appealing finish each time you repaint it. If a porous surface is not primed, it draws in a lot of paint, and this results in a rough and ugly surface.
Choosing the Right Type of Water-Based Paint
It is critical that you comprehend the distinctions among paint types to choose the best one for your residence and the particular task you are working on. A number of factors that make up a paint, such as whether it is oil-based or water-based, can affect how well it sticks to a surface and appears over time. So, in order to refresh a space with long-lasting benefits, it is critical to consider these pre-painting aspects.
- The level of durability that is needed
- How often you would want to repaint the surface
- The different sheen options
Proper Application Techniques
The best technique when applying water-based paint is to start with a damp brush and keep it moist throughout the procedure. If required, thin the satin or gloss trim paint with water. There is no need to purchase any chemicals to thin with, simply use water to increase working time.
Using a moist sponge to dampen surfaces facilitates application and prevents dragging.
Difference Between Oil and Water-Based Paint
Water-based paints can be connected with a variety of technologies and technical names, but simply expressed, it is a paint made with water as the solvent. Filler, pigments, as well as a binder are all dispersed in water. After the new VOC standards, its low level of VOCs made it the preferred paint option. As a result, they are environmentally friendly paints with little to no negative impacts on your health. These paints are very simple to clean and will assist you in keeping the surfaces clean. It produces a more pleasurable painting process and makes the setting more child and pet-friendly.
Water-based paints may be used for almost any application.
Organic substances are used as solvents in oil-based paints. The organic compounds that are used produce a strong and long-lasting finish on the surface that prevents all kinds of damage. Oil-based paints are excessively thick, and you must clean and dilute the paint using a solvent such as turpentine or mineral spirits. The thicker thickness of it tends to disguise flaws on the surface but also needs a long dry time.
Oil-based paints were popular for many years, but new VOC standards and advancements in water-based paints resulted in a prohibition on using oil-based paints in numerous areas. Hence, this paint is preferred by the majority of professional painters since it emits very little harmful fumes into the environment.
Water-based paints offer superior durability as well as efficiency than oil-based paints in terms of environmental compatibility.
The reality is that water-based paints are the best choice for your home’s interiors, whilst solvent-based paints are only appropriate for home exteriors where dust and temperature vary regularly.
How to Determine If You Are Using Oil or Water-Based Paint
Dig your thumbnail into the paint on your walls or your furniture to see if it is water-based or oil-based. It is latex if you can create a dent in it. You may also use a cloth drenched in rubbing alcohol to massage a concealed region.
If you are able to remove the paint, it is water-based, but if it does not come off, it is oil-based.
Because some water-based paints may be put over oil-based paints, always check the manufacturer before coating oil-based paint using water-based paint and vice versa. Painting is the most popular house, workplace, and other space remodeling activity.
By going through our guide to water-based paint, we hope that you now have a clear understanding of what to expect when using this paint. While it was a common misconception that this was a weak product that always needed to be reapplied, the technology used to develop a more vibrant and durable product has come a very long way. This has led to water-based paint becoming more popular than its oil-based counterpart, which is great for the environment. Nevertheless, we hope that your next painting project goes well. Good luck!
Frequently Asked Questions
Is Latex Paint Water-Based?
Yes, it is! Latex paint falls under the category of water-based paint, which is why you would find water-based latex paint on the shelves of your local hardware store. Latex paint is perfect for walls but does not perform well on outdoor surfaces such as patio furniture. Additionally, latex paint is also a much more cost-effective option than water-based acrylic paint.
Is Acrylic Paint Water-Based?
Of course, you can! Along with latex paint, acrylic paint is also one of the types of water-based paints. One of the main differences between acrylic paint and latex paint is that acrylic paint has a higher amount of acrylic polymers. This results in a more expensive paint that is more durable and adheres better to different surfaces.
What Is Water-Based Paint?
To clearly understand what water-based paint is, think about the binders and the pigment found in paint. With oil-based paint, these pigments and binders are carried by oil, and with water-based paint, they are carried by water. As we have mentioned before, there are different types of water-based paints, and there are distinct advantages and disadvantages of each one.