COLOR / GRAIN VARIATION

Very High

HARDNESS

hickory hardness scale

 

COLOR

Typical : Light Brown, Medium Brown
New Color : Light and dark random grain
Aged Color : No Significant Change

SPECIES BACKGROUND

Its name is an English contraction of the Native American “powcohicora”. In Eastern North America, it survived the catastrophic changes of the Glacial Epoch, some 50 million years ago. Thus, it is the first strictly American hardwood species. Westward trekking pioneers made hickory a prerequisite for their wagon wheels. Later, the Wright Brothers whittled hickory for their “flying contraption.” Hickory sawdust and chips are used to flavor meat by smoking. Native Americans, particularly in the Northeast, used hickory for their bows.

WHERE IT GROWS

Eastern U.S., principal commercial areas: Central and Southern states. Tree height ranges from 60 to 120 feet. Hickory trees grow slowly and it is not unusual for a tree to take 200 years to mature.

RELATIVE ABUNDANCE

2.2 percent of total U.S. hardwoods commercially available.

AVAILABILITY

Excellent

ORIGIN

North America

DESCRIPTION

The hickory trees are an important group within the Eastern hardwood forests. Botanically they are split into two groups: The true hickories, and the pecan hickories (fruit bearing). The wood is virtually the same for both and is usually sold together. Hickory is the hardest, heaviest and strongest American wood. The sapwood of hickory is white, tinged with inconspicuous fine brown lines while the heartwood is pale to reddish brown. Both are coarse-textured and the grain is fine, usually straight but can be wavy or irregular.

DID YOU KNOW ?

Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the U.S., was nicknamed “Old Hickory” because of his toughness during disputes.