Hard Maple

COLOR / GRAIN VARIATION

Very High

HARDNESS

maple hardness scale

 

COLOR

Typical : Cream, Yellow Brown
New Color : Rich yellow-gold tone
Aged Color : More even, less Yellow tone

SPECIES BACKGROUND

The hard maple is the state tree of WI, VT, NY and WV. In the North, during the cold nights and warm days of late winter, the sugar maple is tapped for its sucrose-containing sap, the source of maple syrup. It may take up to 30 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup. Early American settlers used maple ashes to make soap and Native Americans crafted their spears from hard maple. Until the turn of the century, the heels of women’s shoes were made from maple. Maple has been a favorite of American furniture makers since early Colonial days. Hard maple is the standard wood for cutting boards because it imparts no taste to food and holds up well.

WHERE IT GROWS

Eastern U.S., principally Mid-Atlantic and Lake states. A cold weather tree favoring a more northerly climate, its average height is 130 feet.

RELATIVE ABUNDANCE

4 percent of U.S. hardwoods commercially available.

AVAILABILITY

Excellent

ORIGIN

North America

DESCRIPTION

The sapwood is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge and the heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The amount of darker brown heartwood can vary significantly according to growing region. Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck. The wood has a close fine, uniform texture and is generally straight-grained but it can also occur as “curly”, “fiddleback”, and “birds-eye” figure.

DID YOU KNOW ?

A single sugar maple tree produces up to 12 gallons of sap a year.